Insomnia: Symptoms, Causes, treatment

Millions of people around the world suffer from insomnia regularly. Insomniacs have difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or getting enough quality sleep. Sleep disorders such as insomnia are quite common. Sleep deprivation can cause diabetes, hypertension, and weight gain over time. Changes in behavior and lifestyle can help you get a better night’s sleep. The use of sleeping pills and CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) is also beneficial.

Acute (short-term) insomnia can last for days or weeks for many adults. Stress or a traumatic event is usually to blame. However, long-term (chronic) insomnia can persist for up to a month in some people. Other medical conditions or medications may also be contributing to your insomnia.

Sleepless nights are no longer applicable for you. Changes to your daily routine can often be beneficial.

This article discusses the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of insomnia. 

Insomnia symptoms

Except for disrupted sleep, insomnia can result in the following:

  • daytime drowsiness or fatigue
  • irritation, depression, or anxiety
  • anxiety or concern about sleeping
  • utilizing medication or alcohol to assist in falling asleep
  • headaches caused by tension
  • difficulty interacting with others, working or studying
  • gastrointestinal symptoms
  • insufficient motivation or energy
  • inability to concentrate and focus
  • an inability to work together, leading to mistakes or accidents

According to experts, sleep deprivation is a significant factor in vehicle accidents.


It’s possible that insomnia is the root of your issues, or that it’s a symptom of something else.

Chronic insomnia can be caused by anxiety, life issues, or sleep-disrupting behaviors. It’s possible to treat the underlying cause of insomnia, but it can last for years.

Chronic insomnia is frequently brought on by:

When you travel. Your body’s circadian rhythms govern your sleep-wake cycle as well as metabolism and body temperature. Insomnia can result if you mess with your circadian rhythms. Jet lag, working late or early shifts, or frequently changing shifts can all cause sleep deprivation.

The lack of sleep. If you’re not getting enough shut-eye, you’re more than likely suffering from a lack of restful sleep. Computers, TVs, video games, smartphones, and other screens can disrupt your sleep cycle if you use them right before you go to sleep.

Late-night snacking can lead to weight gain. It’s fine to have a small snack before going to bed, but if you eat too much, you might have trouble falling asleep because of the discomfort. After eating, many people get heartburn, which is when stomach acid and food flow back into the esophagus, keeping them awake.

An underlying medical condition or prescription medication use may also be a factor in chronic insomnia. Insomnia may be alleviated by treating the underlying medical condition, but it may recur even if the condition has improved.

Stress. As response to growing concern about your job, health, finances, or family’s well-being can cause insomnia. Stressful life events, like the death of a family member or a loved one, relationship failure, or the loss of employment, can also cause insomnia.

Insomnia can also be brought on by:

Over sleeping and waking up early are both symptoms of depression. Other types of mental illness are frequently present in people who suffer from insomnia.

Disorders that affect sleep. Apnea interrupts your sleep by causing you to stop breathing frequently during the night. When you have restless legs syndrome, you may find it difficult to fall asleep because of a strong desire to move your legs.

Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol are all examples of stimulants. There are many caffeinated beverages out there, including coffee, tea, cola, and soda. They can keep you awake at night if you drink them in the late afternoon or evening. Another stimulant found in tobacco products is nicotine, which can disrupt sleep. Drinking alcohol before bedtime may help you fall asleep, but it prevents deeper stages of sleep and frequently causes arousal in the night.

The connection between insomnia and advancing years

With age, the prevalence of insomnia increases. Age-related changes may occur, including but not limited to:

Sleep patterns have changed. As you get older, you’re more likely to be woken up by noise or other changes in your environment. As you get older, your internal clock tends to advance, making you tired earlier in the evening and waking you up earlier in the morning. However, the amount of sleep required by the elderly is the same as that of the young.

Activities are shifting. You are not as active physically or socially as you once were. Sleep diificulty can occur by a lack of physical activity. In addition, the less active you are, the more likely it is that you will take a daily nap, which can interfere with your nighttime sleep.

Prostate or bladder problems, for example, can make it difficult to sleep at night. Sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome are more common as people get older.

More pills to take. Because older people tend to take more prescription drugs, the likelihood of developing insomnia as a side effect is higher.

Sleep disorders in children and adolescents

In addition to adults, children and adolescents may be affected by sleep disorders. Because their internal clocks are more delayed, some children and teens have difficulty falling asleep or resisting a regular bedtime. They desire a later bedtime and a later waking time.


Depending on the underlying cause and type of insomnia, there are several options:

  • seeking professional help
  • CBT, or cognitive behavioral therapy, is a type of therapy that focuses on improving one
  • drugs prescribed by a doctor
  • OTC sleeping pills, some of which can be purchased at an online pharmacy as well as in health food stores
  • Melatonin may help with sleep, but there isn’t enough evidence to support this claim.

Strategies to improve home health care

Insomnia can be alleviated with a variety of remedies and tips. They entail the following modifications:

Bedtime routines

To the extent possible, it can be beneficial to do:

  • Ensure that you set a bed and wake-up time, and follow it.
  • Avoid using any electronic device with a screen before going to sleep.
  • Baths are a great way to unwind about an hour before going to bed.
  • Do not use electronic devices in your bedroom.
  • Before going to bed, make sure the temperature in the room is just right.
  • Use blackout drapes or blinds to create a more secluded environment.

Habits of eating

  • Don’t eat too close to bedtime. Eat a healthy snack before going to sleep if you feel the need.
  • A heavy meal should not be consumed less than two or three hours before you plan to sleep.
  • Especially at night, limit your consumption of caffeine and alcohol.
  • To improve your overall health, eat a diverse, well-balanced diet.

Other medical conditions

Raise your upper body with one or more additional pillows if you suffer from acid reflux or a cough. Make an appointment with a doctor if you’re having trouble sleeping because of a cough, pain, or any other ailment.

Many people suffer from insomnia. It can be caused by a wide range of factors, some of which are directly related to health. 

So, anyone who has difficulty sleeping regularly and believes it is affecting their daily life should seek the advice of a doctor.

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